Clinical features of hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma and their association with α-fetoprotein and protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II
Article first published online: 3 AUG 2006
Volume 26, Issue 7, pages 789–795, September 2006
How to Cite
Yano, Y., Yamashita, F., Kuwaki, K., Fukumori, K., Kato, O., Yamamoto, H., Ando, E., Tanaka, M. and Sata, M. (2006), Clinical features of hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma and their association with α-fetoprotein and protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II. Liver International, 26: 789–795. doi: 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2006.01310.x
- Issue published online: 3 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 3 AUG 2006
- Received 23 November 2005,accepted 20 May 2006
- α-fetoprotein (AFP);
- hepatitis C virus (HCV);
- hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC);
- protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II)
Abstract: Purpose: We investigated the differences in clinical features between α-fetoprotein (AFP)-predominant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II)-predominant HCC, especially regarding host factors thought to contribute to hepatocarcinogenesis in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
Methods: HCV-related HCC patients (n=306) were divided into four groups according to median AFP (48.1 ng/ml) and PIVKA-II (60 mAU/ml). Host factors, tumor factors, survival, and risk factors affecting survival were compared.
Results: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST; IU/L), alanine aminotransferase (ALT; IU/L), and platelet count (× 104/ml) were, respectively, 81, 67, and 8.2 in AFP-predominant HCC (group A; n=66) vs. 50, 42, and 11.4 in PIVKA-II-predominant HCC (group P; n=52). Tumor sizes (mm) in groups A and P were 20 and 37, respectively. Significant differences were evident. Survival was identical between the two groups. Factors affecting survival were total bilirubin, portal tumor thrombus and number of nodule in group A, and albumin and tumor distribution in group P.
Conclusions: PIVKA-II-predominant HCC had a milder hepatitis and a better-preserved platelet count compared with AFP-predominant HCC. Considering the strong relation between hepatocarcinogenesis and hepatic inflammation with chronic HCV infection, these differences indicate that hepatocarcinogenic mechanisms in PIVKA-II-predominant HCC may differ from those in AFP-predominant HCC.