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Keywords:

  • Budd–Chiari;
  • hepatic vein thrombosis;
  • liver transplantation;
  • portasystemic shunt, surgical;
  • portasystemic shunt, transjugular intrahepatic;
  • review

Abstract

Budd–Chiari syndrome (BCS) is characterized by hepatic venous outflow obstruction at any level from the small hepatic veins to the atriocaval junction. BCS is a complex disease with a wide spectrum of aetiologies and presentations. This article reviews the current literature with respect to presentation, management and prognosis of the disease. Medical, interventional and surgical management of BCS is discussed. Particular attention is paid to interventional and surgical aspects of management. The review is augmented by images, which provide a clinical corollary to the text.