Background/Aims: Integrins are cell surface receptors for extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins that initiate signalling pathways that modulate proliferation, survival, invasion or metastasis. Consequently, integrins are potential targets for the treatment of cancer. In this study, we investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in integrin αV (ITGAV) in a Korean population were associated with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and HBV-infected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Patients and Methods: Thirteen ITGAV SNPs in 111 cases of chronic HBV infection, 86 cases of HBV-infected HCC and 107 cases of acute self-limited HBV infection were genotyped using Illumina's Sentrix array matrix (SAM) chip.
Results: The ITGAV intron SNPs rs9333289 and rs11685758, the 3′-untranslated region SNP rs1839123 and haplotype 3 (T–T–A) were associated with enhanced susceptibility to HBV-infected HCC (OR=1.75–2.42; P=0.02–0.05), while the intron SNP rs2290083 was associated with both chronic infection and HBV-infected HCC (OR=1.73–2.01; P=0.01–0.04). In addition, both rs2290083 and ht1 (C–C–G) were associated with the age at which chronic infection occurred, as determined by Cox relative hazard analysis (RH=1.39–1.62, P=0.04–0.01)
Conclusion: ITGAV SNPs and haplotypes may be genetic factors that increase the susceptibility of Koreans to chronic HBV infection and HBV-infected HCC.