SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Thuluvath P, Yoo H. Portal hypertensive gastropathy. Am J Gastroenterol 2002; 97: 29738.
    Direct Link:
  • 2
    McCormack T, Sims J, Eyre-Brook I, et al. Gastric lesions in portal hypertension: inflammatory gastritis or congestive gastropathy? Gut 1985; 26: 122632.
  • 3
    Menchen L, Ripoli C, Marin-Jimenez I, et al. Prevalence of portal hypertensive duodenopathy in cirrhosis: clinical and hemodynamic features. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006; 18: 64953.
  • 4
    Higaki N, Matsui H, Imaoka H, et al. Characteristic endoscopic features of portal hypertensive enteropathy. J Gastroenterol 2008; 43: 32731.
  • 5
    Bini E, Lascarides C, Micale P, Weinshel E. Mucosal abnormalities of the colon in patients with portal hypertension: an endoscopic study. Gastrointest Endosc 2000; 52: 5116.
  • 6
    Ito K, Shiraki K, Sakai T, Yoshimura H, Nakano T. Portal hypertensive colopathy in patients with cirrhosis. World J Gastroenterol 2005; 11: 312730.
  • 7
    D'Amico G, Montanalbo L, The Liver Study Group of V et al. Cervello hospital. natural history of congestive gastropathy in cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1990; 99: 155864.
  • 8
    Primignani M, Carpinelli L, the New Italian Endoscopic Club for the study and treatment of esophageal varices (NIEC). et al. Natural history of portal hypertensive gastropathy in patients with liver cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 2000; 119: 1817.
  • 9
    Merli M, Nicolini G, Angeloni S, et al. The natural history of portal hypertensive gastropathy in patients with liver cirrhosis and mild portal hypertension. Am J Gastroenterol 2004; 99: 195965.
    Direct Link:
  • 10
    Iwao T, Toyonaga A, Oho K, et al. Portal-hypertensive gastropathy develops less in patients with cirrhosis and fundal varices. J Hepatol 1997; 26: 123541.
  • 11
    Iwao T, Toyonaga A, Sumino M, et al. Portal hypertensive gastropathy in patients with cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1992; 102: 20605.
  • 12
    Fontana R, Sanyal A, the HALT-C trial Group et al. Portal Hypertensive gastropathy in chronic Hepatitis C patients with bridging fibrosis and compensated cirrhosis: results from the HALT-C Trial. Am J Gastroenterol 2006; 101: 98392.
  • 13
    Sarin S, Sreenivas D, Lahoti D, Saraya A. Factors influencing development of portal hypertensive gastropathy in patients with portal hypertension. Gastroenterology 1992; 102: 9949.
  • 14
    Sarin S, Misra S, Singal A, Thorat V, Broor S. Evaluation of the incidence and significance of the “Mosaic Pattern” in patients with cirrhosis, noncirrhotic portal fibrosis, and extrahepatic obstruction. Am J Gastroenterol 1988; 83: 12359.
  • 15
    Mezawa S, Homma H, Ohta H, et al. Effect of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt formation on portal hypertensive gastropathy and gastric circulation. Am J Gastroenterol 2001; 96: 11559.
    Direct Link:
  • 16
    Kamath P, Lacerda M, Ahlquist D, et al. Gastric Mucosal Responses to intrahepatic portosystemic shunting in patients with cirrhosis. Gastroenterol 2000; 118: 90511.
  • 17
    Ohta M, Yamaguchi S, Tomikawa M. Pathogenesis of portal hypertensive gastropathy: A clinical and experimental review. Surgery 2002; 131: S165170.
  • 18
    Merkel C, Schillipiti M, Bighin R, et al. Portal hypertension and portal hypertensive gastropathy in patients with liver cirrhosis: a hemodynamic study. Dig Liver Dis 2003; 35: 26974.
  • 19
    Bayraktar Y, Balkanci F, Uzunalimoglu B, et al. Is portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis a major factor in the development of portal hypertensive gastropathy? Am J Gastroenterol 1996; 91: 5548.
  • 20
    Sarwar S, Khan A, Alam A, et al. Effect on band ligation in portal hypertensive gastropathy and development of fundal varices. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2006; 18: 325..
  • 21
    Marques Chaves D, Sakai P, Mucenic M, et al. Comparative study of portal hypertensive gastropathy in schistosomiasis and hepatic cirrhosis. Endoscopy 2002; 34: 199202.
  • 22
    Quintero E, Pique J, Bombi J, et al. Gastric mucosal vascular ectasias causing bleeding in cirrhosis. A distinct entity associated with hypergastrenemia and low serum levels of pepsinogen I. Gastronterology 1987; 93: 105461.
  • 23
    Pan WD, Xun RY, Chen YM. Correlations of portal hypertensive gastropathy of hepatitis B cirrhosis with other factors. Hepatobiliary Pancreatic Dis Int 2002; 1: 52731.
  • 24
    Yuksel O, Koklu S, Arhan M, et al. Effects of esophageal varices eradication on portal hypertensive gastropathy and fundal varices: a retrospective and comparative study. Dig Dis Sci 2006; 51: 2730.
  • 25
    Yoshikawa I, Murata I, Nakano S, Otsuki M. Effects of variceal ligation on portal hypertensive gastropathy and gastric mucosal blood flow. Am J Gastroenterol 1998; 93: 714.
    Direct Link:
  • 26
    Sarin S, Shahi H, Jain M, et al. The natural history of portal hypertensive gastropathy: influence of variceal eradication. Am J Gastroenterol 2000; 95: 288893.
  • 27
    Hou M, Lin C, Chen C, et al. Changes in portal hypertensive gastropathy after endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy or ligation: an endoscopic observation. Gastrointest Endosc 1995; 42: 13944.
  • 28
    Hashizume M, Tanaka K, Inokuchi K. Morphology of Gastric Microcirculation in Cirrhosis. Hepatology 1983; 3: 100812.
  • 29
    Gupta R, Sawant P, Parameshwar RV, et al. Gastric mucosal blood flow and hepatic perfusion index in patients with portal hypertensive gastropathy. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1998; 13: 9216.
  • 30
    Ohta M, Hashizume M, Higashi H, et al. Portal and gastric mucosal hemodynamics in cirrhotic patients with portal-hypertensive gastropathy. Hepatology 1994; 20: 14326.
  • 31
    Perini R, Camara P, Ferraz J. Pathogenesis of portal hypertensive gastropathy: translating basic research into clinical practice. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 2009; 6: 1508.
  • 32
    Ferraz J, Wallace J. Underlying mechanisms of portal hypertensive gastropathy. J Clin Gastroenterol 1997; 25: S738.
  • 33
    Tarnawski A, Srafeh IJ, Stachura J, et al. Microvascular abnormalities of the portal hypertensive gastric mucosa. Hepatology 1998; 8: 148894.
  • 34
    Albillos A, Colombato LA, Enriquez R, et al. Sequence of morphological and hemodynamic changes of gastric microvessels in portal hypertension. Gastroenterology 1992; 102: 206670.
  • 35
    Ferraz JGP, Tigley A, Wallace JL. Paradoxical effects of l-arginine on gastric mucosal integrity. Eur J Pharmacol 1994; 260: 10711.
  • 36
    Migoh S, Hashizume M, Tsugawa K, Tanoue K, Sugimachi K. Role of endothelin-1 in congestive gastropathy in portal hypertensive rats. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2000; 15: 1427.
  • 37
    Lopez-Talavera J, Merril W, Groszmann R. Tumor necrosis factor alpha: a major contributor to the hyperdynamic circulation in pre-hepatic portal hypertensive rats. Gastroenterology 1995; 108: 7617.
  • 38
    Payen JL, Cales P, Pienkowski P, et al. Weakness of mucosal barrier in portal hypertensive gastropathy of alcoholic cirrhosis. Effects of propanolol and enprostil. J Hepatol 1995; 23: 68996.
  • 39
    Kawanaka H, Tomikawa M, Jones M, et al. Defective mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK2) signaling in gastric mucosa of portal hypertensive rats: potential therapeutic implications. Hepatology 2001; 34: 9909.
  • 40
    Cales P, Zabotto B, Meskens C, et al. Gastroesophageal endoscopic features in cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1990; 98: 15662.
  • 41
    Vigeneri S, Termini R, Piraino A, et al. The stomach in liver cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1991; 101: 4728.
  • 42
    Triger D, Hosking S. The gastric mucosa in portal hypertension. J Hepatol 1989; 8: 26772.
  • 43
    Papazian A, Braillon A, Dupas JL, Sevenet F, Capron JP. Portal hypertensive gastropathy: an endoscopic study. Gut 1986; 27: 1199203.
  • 44
    Spina GP, Arcidiacono R, Bosch J, et al. Gastric endoscopic features in portal hypertension: final report of a consensus conference, Milan, Italy, September 19, 1992. J Hepatol 1994; 21: 4617.
  • 45
    Canlas K, Dobozi B, Lin S, et al. Using capsule endoscopy to Identify GI Tract Lesions in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension and chronic anemia. J Clin Gastroenterol 2008; 42: 8448.
  • 46
    Ishihara K, Ishida R, Saito T, et al. computed tomography features of portal hypertensive gastropathy. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2004; 28: 8325.
  • 47
    Chang D, Levine M, Ginsberg G, Rubesin S, Laufer I. Portal hypertensive gastropathy: radiographic findings in eight patients. Am J Roent 2000; 175: 160912.
  • 48
    Tanoue K, Hashizume M, Wada H, et al. Effects of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy on portal hypertensive gastropathy: a prospective study. Gastrointest Endosc 1992; 38: 5825.
  • 49
    Yoo H, Eustace J, Verma S, et al. Accuracy and reliability of the endoscopic classification of portal hypertensive gastropathy. Gastrointest Endosc 2002; 56: 67580.
  • 50
    De Franchis. Updating consensus in portal hypertension: report of the Baveno II Consensus workshop on definitions, methodology and therapeutic strategies in portal hypertension. J Hepatol 2000; 33: 84652.
  • 51
    Oberti F, Burtin P, Maiga M, et al. Gastroesophageal endoscopic signs of cirrhosis: independent diagnostic accuracy, interassociation, and relationship to etiology and hepatic dysfunction. Gastrointest Endosc 1998; 48: 14857.
  • 52
    Payen JL, Cales P, Voigt JJ, et al. Severe portal hypertensive gastropathy and antral vascular ectasia are distinct entities in patients with cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1995; 108: 13844.
  • 53
    Spahr L, Villenueve J-P, Dufresne M-P, et al. Gastric antral vascular ectasia in cirrhotic patients: absence of relation with portal hypertension. Gut 1999; 44: 73942.
  • 54
    Misra S, Dwivedi M, Misra V, Barthwal R. Portal-hypertensive–gastropathy-like changes in a patient with secondary polycytemia: reversal of endoscopic and histopathologic changes with phlebotomy. Gastrointest Endosc 2002; 56: 9246.
  • 55
    Hsu , et al. Gastric purpura. An unusual endoscopic feature in gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Gastrointest Endosc 1997; 45: 52729.
  • 56
    Garcia-Tsao G, Sanyal A, Grace N, Carey W, and the Practice Guidelines Committee of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, the Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Prevention and management of gastroesophageal varices and variceal hemorrhage in cirrhosis. Hepatology 2007; 46: 92238.
  • 57
    Lo GH, Cheng JS, Hsu PI, et al. The effects of endoscopic variceal ligation and propanolol on portal hypertensive gastropathy: a prospective controlled trial. Gastrointest Endosc 2001; 53: 57984.
  • 58
    Gostout C, Viggiano T, Balm R. Acute gastrointestinal bleeding from portal hypertensive gastropathy: prevalence and clinical features. Am J Gastroenterol 1993; 88: 20303.
  • 59
    De Franchis R. Portal hypertension II. Proceedings of the Second Baveno International Consensus Workshop on Definitions, Methodology, and Therapeutic Strategies. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 1996; 3055.
  • 60
    Perez-Ayuso R, Pique J, Bosch J, et al. Propanolol in prevention of recurrent bleeding from severe portal hypertensive gastropathy in cirrhosis. Lancet 1991; 337: 14314.
  • 61
    Hosking S, Kennedy H, Seddon I, Triger D. The role of propanolol in congestive gastropathy of portal hypertension. Hepatology 1987; 7: 43741.
  • 62
    Zhou Y, Qiao L, Wu J, Hu H, Xu C. Control of bleeding in portal hypertensive gastropathy: comparison of the efficacy of octreotide, vasopressin, and omeprazole in the control of acute bleeding in patients with portal hypertensive gastropathy. A controlled study. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2002; 17: 9739.
  • 63
    Ripoll C, Garcia-Tsao G. Treatment of gastropathy and gastric antral vascular ectasia in patients with portal hypertension. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 2007; 10: 48394.
  • 64
    Bruha R, Marecek Z, Spicak J, et al. Double-blind randomized, comparative multicenter study of the effect of terlipressin in the treatment of acute esophageal variceal and/or hypertensive gastropathy bleeding. Hepatogastroenterology 2002; 49: 11616.
  • 65
    Karajeh M, Hurlstone D, Stephenson T, Ray-Chaudhuri D, Gleeson D. Refractory bleeding from portal hypertensive gastropathy: a further novel role for thalidomide therapy? Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006; 18: 5458.
  • 66
    De Franchis Evolving Concepts in portal hypertension. report of the baveno IV concensus workshop on methodology of diagnosis and therapy of portal hypertension. J Hepatol 2005; 43: 16776.
  • 67
    Cremers MI, Oliveira AP, Alves AL, Freitas J. Portal hypertensive gastropathy: treatment with corticosteroids. Endoscopy 2002; 34: 177.