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Keywords:

  • liver failure;
  • hepato-renal syndrome;
  • terlipressin;
  • extracorporeal liver support

Abstract

Hepato-renal syndrome (HRS) is a serious complication in patients with advanced liver disease indicating a very poor prognosis. Nevertheless, effective treatment strategies have been introduced into clinical practice over the last decade. The combined treatment with terlipressin/albumin has been proven to be effective in most published studies and should be regarded as the standard of care. Norepinephrine or midodrine are possible alternatives when terlipressin is not available. Although there is presently not enough evidence to recommend extracorporeal liver support therapy as a standard procedure in patients with HRS, these concepts constitute promising options that need to be studied in prospective clinical trials.