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Keywords:

  • delayed response to tenofovir;
  • HBV genotype G;
  • HIV/HBV-coinfection;
  • tenofovir

Abstract

Aim

To evaluate the early virological response (EVR) to combined tenofovir-lamivudine or emtricitabine regimen in HBV/HIV-co-infected patients and the long-term efficacy of tenofovir.

Methods

In this retrospective monocentric study, among the 166 HIV/HBV-co-infected patients regularly followed from 2003 to 2008 at Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital, 61 patients had received, either de novo combination therapy with tenofovir and lamivudine or emtricitabine (group I, n = 15) or add-on tenofovir to lamivudine therapy (group II, n = 46). The HBV polymerase region was sequenced and analysed for all patients with available samples.

Results

All 15 group I patients achieved EVR vs 32 (82%) of group II patients (P = 0.15). Seven adherent group II patients met criteria for primary non-response, but achieved delayed response (DR) to therapy. In these seven patients, when compared with the 39 group II patients, there was a trend to longer duration of lamivudine pre-treatment and to higher rate of lamivudine-resistant mutants; and HBV genotype-G proportion was higher (P = 0.026). No virological breakthrough occurred after a median of 46 months follow up.

Conclusion

In these HBV/HIV-co-infected patients, first-line HBV therapy with tenofovir and emtricitabine or lamivudine was associated with EVR. However, DR to tenofovir was observed in 15% of patients who added tenofovir to lamivudine therapy, of whom four of seven (57%) had genotype G-HBV infection. No resistance was evidenced after 46 months of therapy even in patients with DR to tenofovir. At last, a good renal safety profile of TDF was observed after a median follow-up of 4 years of therapy.