Summary: This study was conducted at the Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital, Bombay, India during the year 1990. The aim was to compare the routinely used supine position versus ambulation in the first stage and squatting position during the second stage of labour. Our study was comprised of 200 patients both primigravidas and multigravidas; 100 were kept in the supine position throughout labour and 100 were kept ambulatory in the first stage and adopted the squatting position during the second stage. The study showed a shortening of both stages of labour in the squatting group but the incidence of complications was less in the control group. It was concluded that without proper birthing chairs which can give excellent perineal support, the usual supine position is preferable in our setup.