Non-specific resistance in brown planthopper resistant indica rice varieties against Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae)

Authors


Dr Makio Takeda, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kobe University, Rokko-dai 1-1, Nada, Kobe, 657-8501 Japan. Email: mtakeda@kobe-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Mechanisms of host plant resistance against insect pests can be manifold. Resistance screenings generally use single target insect pests, but the resistance thus screened may not always be specific to the target insect species. We conducted a test for non-specific resistance in indica rice varieties with resistance genes against brown planthopper (BPH), by using the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. The test system was very simple, and only required the non-pest moth to be reared on rice flour. We compared the survival rate, developmental period and adult weight of the moth on three rice varieties: ‘Nipponbare’, a BPH-susceptible japonica variety, and ‘Thai Collection 11’ and ‘Pokkali’, two resistant indica varieties. Our results were straightforward and demonstrate that resistance in the two resistant rice varieties is not BPH specific, because development of the moth was retarded and adult body weight was reduced.

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