Functional association between female sperm storage organs and male sperm removal organs in calopterygid damselflies
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2005
Volume 8, Issue 3, pages 245–252, September 2005
How to Cite
HAYASHI, F. and TSUCHIYA, K. (2005), Functional association between female sperm storage organs and male sperm removal organs in calopterygid damselflies. Entomological Science, 8: 245–252. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-8298.2005.00123.x
- Issue published online: 26 SEP 2005
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2005
- Received 10 September 2004; accepted 28 February 2005.
- sperm competition;
- sperm survival;
Female damselflies in the family Calopterygidae have two sperm storage organs: a spherical bursa copulatrix and a tubular spermatheca. Male flies have a peculiar aedeagus with a recurved head with which to remove bursal sperm, and lateral spiny processes to remove spermathecal sperm. The lateral processes differ among species and populations in terms of their width relative to the spermathecal duct: the narrower processes are physically able to access spermathecal sperm, while the wider ones are not. In the present study, sperm storage patterns and aedeagal structures were compared between two calopterygid species with different spermathecal structures –Calopteryx cornelia and Mnais pruinosa– with respect to not only sperm quantity (number) but also sperm quality (viability), by using a recently developed method based on live/dead dual fluorescence. Calopteryx cornelia is a typical spermathecal sperm remover. In this species, viability was similar between bursal and spermathecal sperm. In contrast, in M. pruinosa, the spermatheca was much smaller than the bursa and often contained no sperm. Even when the spermatheca of this species did contain sperm, a high percentage of it was dead. Although the spermatheca of M. pruinosa has such atrophic tendencies, males have nevertheless developed long and spiny lateral processes similar to those of C. cornelia, suggesting the processes have functions other than spermathecal sperm removal. They possibly function as stoppers or guides for manipulating the aedeagal head to remove the sperm mass from the bursa.