Seasonal changes in the reproductive and life-history traits of Chrysomela populi L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
Article first published online: 25 MAR 2008
Volume 11, Issue 1, pages 31–38, March 2008
How to Cite
GOMI, T., KIMURA, T. and HIROSE, S. (2008), Seasonal changes in the reproductive and life-history traits of Chrysomela populi L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomological Science, 11: 31–38. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-8298.2007.00245.x
- Issue published online: 25 MAR 2008
- Article first published online: 25 MAR 2008
- Received 13 February 2007; accepted 29 August 2007.
- adult weight;
- leaf beetle;
- reproductive output;
- survival rate
Seasonal changes in the reproductive and life-history traits of Chrysomela populi L. were investigated in Shobara (34°52′N, 133°01′E), Japan, in 2004 and 2005. Larvae were hatched and reared under natural photoperiod and temperature in 8 different periods between late April and early September in 2004. The incidence of adult diapause increased with progression of the season in 2004. The critical timing of diapause induction, as defined by 50% of females entering diapause, was estimated to occur between late July and early August. No effects of season on the survival rate from hatching to adult emergence, percentage ovipositing females and percentage females that deposited viable eggs were clearly detected. Adult weight at emergence fluctuated seasonally, which was probably caused by air temperature. No effect of season on the oviposition period was observed among females that averted diapause. Females that entered diapause in 2004 started oviposition from the first day of May in 2005. Reproductive output was significantly greater in diapause females than in non-diapause females. This increase in the reproductive output of diapause females was caused by elongation of the oviposition period and consequently by enlargement of the number of egg clutches deposited. These results suggest that the seasonal timing of diapause induction in females of C. populi would be affected by various risks and benefits to reproduction and survival.