Lipid metabolism was investigated during the reproductive cycle of Labidura riparia (Pallas). The lipid classes and their constitutive fatty acids present in hemolymph and ovaries were measured using thin-layer chromatography and gas-liquid chromatography. In the hemolymph, total lipids increase steadily from the previtellogenic period to vitellogenic arrest. These lipids are predominantly diacylglycerols and phospholipids. In the ovaries, total lipids increase during vitellogenesis then decrease during the vitellogenesis arrest period. The major lipids are triacylglycerols, followed by phospholipids. In both hemolymph and ovaries, all lipid classes contained variable proportions of seven main fatty acids: the saturated fatty acids myristic acid (14:0), palmetic acid (16:0), and stearic acid (18:0); the monounsaturated fatty acids palmitoleic acid (16:1) and oleic acid (18:1); and the polyunsaturated fatty acids linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3). Unsaturated fatty acids predominate throughout the reproductive cycle. The percentage compositions of total and triacylglycerol fatty acids do not change markedly during the reproductive cycle in hemolymph nor in ovaries, with 18:2, 18:1 and 16:0 fatty acids being the major components. However, for diacylglycerols and phospholipids, the proportions of fatty acids vary systematically. For phospholipids during the vitellogenesis period, 18:2 increases considerably whereas other fatty acids decrease; for diacylglycerols, these fatty acids vary in the reverse way.