New synonym and new Japanese record of the ant genus Ponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Article first published online: 24 JUN 2009
© 2009 The Entomological Society of Japan
Volume 12, Issue 2, pages 194–201, June 2009
How to Cite
YOSHIMURA, M., HOSOISHI, S., KUBOKI, Y., ONOYAMA, K. and OGATA, K. (2009), New synonym and new Japanese record of the ant genus Ponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological Science, 12: 194–201. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-8298.2009.00325.x
- Issue published online: 24 JUN 2009
- Article first published online: 24 JUN 2009
- Received 22 July 2008; accepted 7 January 2009.
- identification key;
- Ponera alisana;
- Ponera scabra;
- Ponera yakushimensis;
- Yakushima Island
A new synonym in the ant genus Ponera, and a new species-record from Japan are reported following faunal surveys of Yakushima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture. Morphological comparison of type specimens with material collected on Yakushima and mainland Kyushu and Honshu reveals that Ponera yakushimensis Tanaka is a junior synonym of Ponera scabra Wheeler. Analysis of intraspecific variation in P. scabra is reported. Morphological comparison reveals that a recent putative distribution record of P. scabra from Yakushima was based on a misidentification of Ponera alisana Terayama. This is the first Japanese record of P. alisana, which was originally described from Taiwan. Geographic variation between the P. alisana types and specimens collected on Yakushima is discussed. A revised key to Japanese Ponera species is presented.