SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Agarwala BK, Dixon AFG (1992) Laboratory study of cannibalism and interspecific predation in ladybirds. Ecological Entomology 17, 303309.
  • Agarwala BK, Yasuda H, Kajita Y (2003) Effect of conspecific and heterospecific feces on foraging and oviposition of two predatory ladybirds: role of fecal cues in predator avoidance. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29, 357376.
  • Alhmedi A, Haubruge É, Francis F (2010) Intraguild interactions implicating invasive species: Harmonia axyridis as a model species. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement 14, 187201.
  • Almohamad R, Verheggen FJ, Francis F, Haubruge E (2010) Intraguild interactions between the predatory hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) and the Asian ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): effect of larval tracks. European Journal of Entomology 107, 4145.
  • Arefin VS, Ivliev LA (1984) [Seasonal dynamics of Aulacorthum solani Kalt., Aphis glycines Mats. (Homoptera: Aphidinea) and predaceous coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on soybeans in Primorye]. In: Fauna i ekologiya bespozvonotchnykh Dalgeno Vostoka, pp 312. Dalnevostochnoe Otdelenie. Akademii Nauk SSSR, Vladivostok. (In Russian.)
  • Berkvens N, Bonte J, Berkvens D, Deforce K, Tirry L, De Clercq P (2008) Pollen as an alternative food for Harmonia axyridis. Biocontrol 53, 201210.
  • Berkvens N, Landuyt C, Deforce K, Berkvens D, Tirry L, De Clercq P (2010a) Alternative foods for the multicoloured Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). European Journal of Entomology 107, 189195.
  • Berkvens N, Bale JS, Berkvens D, Tirry L, De Clercq P (2010b) Cold tolerance of the harlequin ladybird Harmonia axyridis in Europe. Journal of Insect Physiology 56, 438444.
  • Berkvens N, Moens J, Berkvens D, Samih MA, Tirry L, De Clercq P (2010c) Dinocampus coccinellae as a parasitoid of the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis in Europe. BioControl 53, 9299.
  • Blekhman AV (2008) Population variation of elytral ridge occurrence in ladybirds Harmonia axyridis Pallas. Russian Journal of Genetics 44, 13511354.
  • Blekhman AV, Goryacheva II, Zakharov IA (2010) Differentiation of Harmonia axyridis Pall. according to polymorphic morphological traits and variability of the mitochondrial COI gene. Moscow University Biological Sciences Bulletin 65, 174176.
  • Blossey B, Nötzold R (1995) Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: a hypothesis. Journal of Ecology 83, 887889.
  • Bossdorf O, Auge H, Lafuma L, Rogers WE, Siemann E, Prati D (2005) Phenotypic and genetic differentiation between native and introduced plant populations. Oecologia 144, 111.
  • Brown MW, Miller SS (1998) Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) in apple orchards of eastern West Virginia and the impact of invasion by Harmonia axyridis. Entomological News 109, 143151.
  • Brown PMJ, Thomas CE, Lombaert E, Jeffries DL, Estoup A, Lawson Handley L-J (2011a) The global spread of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): distribution, dispersal and routes of invasion. BioControl 56, 623642.
  • Brown PMJ, Frost R, Doberski J, Sparks T, Harrington R, Roy HE (2011b) Decline in native ladybirds in response to the arrival of Harmonia axyridis: early evidence from England. Ecological Entomology 36, 231240.
  • Burgio G, Santi F, Miani S (2002) On intra-guild predation and cannibalism in Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) and Adaliabipunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Biological Control 24, 110116.
  • Ceryngier P, Hodek I (1996) Enemies of Coccinellidae. In: Hodek I, Honěk A, Ecology of Coccinellidae, pp 319350. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.
  • Cook SP, Webb RE (1995) Predation of early-instar gypsy moth larvae by a generalist predator, Anatis labiculata (Say) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Journal of Entomological Science 30, 258261.
  • Cottrell TE (2004) Suitability of exotic and native lady beetle eggs (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) for development of lady beetle larvae. Biological Control 31, 362371.
  • Cottrell TE (2005) Predation and cannibalism of lady beetle eggs by adult lady beetles. Biological Control 34, 159164.
  • Cottrell TE, Shapiro-Ilan DI (2008) Susceptibility of endemic and exotic North American ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to endemic fungal entomopathogens. European Journal of Entomology 105, 455460.
  • Cottrell TE, Yeargan KV (1998a) Influence of a native weed, Acalypha ostryaefolia (Euphorbiaceae), on Coleomegilla maculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) population density, predation and cannibalism in sweet corn. Environmental Entomology 27, 13751385.
  • Cottrell TE, Yeargan KV (1998b) Effect of pollen on Coleomegilla maculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) population density, predation and cannibalism in sweet corn. Environmental Entomology 27, 14021410.
  • Cottrell TE, Yeargan KV (1998c) Intraguild predation between an introduced lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), and a native lady beetle, Coleomegilla maculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 71, 159163.
  • Daloze D, Braekman J-C, Pasteels JM (1995) Ladybird defence alkaloids: structural, chemotaxonomic and biosynthetic aspects (Col.: Coccinellidae). Chemoecology 5/6, 173183.
  • Davidson LN, Evans EW (2010) Frass analysis of diets of aphidophagous lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Utah alfalfa fields. Environmental Entomology 39, 576582.
  • Dobzhansky T (1973) Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution. American Biology Teacher 35, 125129.
  • Evans EW (2009) Lady beetles as predators of insects other than Hemiptera. Biological Control 51, 255267.
  • Facon B, Hufbauer RA, Tayeh A et al. (2011a) Inbreeding depression is purged in the invasive insect Harmonia axyridis. Current Biology 21, 424427.
  • Facon B, Crespin L, Loiseau A et al. (2011b) Can things get worse when an invasive species hybridizes? The harlequin ladybird Harmonia axyridis in France as a case study. Evolutionary Applications 4, 7188.
  • Félix S, Soares AO (2004) Intraguild predation between the aphidophagous ladybird beetles Harmonia axyridis and Coccinella undecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): the role of body weight. European Journal of Entomology 101, 237242.
  • Firlej A, Lucas É, Coderre D, Boivin G (2007) Teratocytes growth pattern reflects host suitability in a host-parasitoid assemblage. Physiological Entomology 32, 181187.
  • Forbes SA (1883) The food relations of the Carabidae and Coccinellidae. Bulletin of the Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History 1, 3364.
  • Garcés S, Williams R (2004) First Record of Hesperomyces virescens Thaxter (Laboulbeniales: Ascomycetes) on Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 77, 156158.
  • Harwood JD, Ricci C, Romani R, Pitz KM, Weir A, Obrycki JJ (2006) Prevalence and association of the laboulbenialean fungus Hesperomyces virescens (Laboulbeniales: Laboulbeniaceae) on coccinellid hosts (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Kentucky, USA. European Journal of Entomology 103, 799804.
  • Hautier L, Martin GS, Callier P, de Biseau J-C, Grégoire J-C (2011) Alkaloids provide evidence of intraguild predation on native coccinellids by Harmonia axyridis in the field. Biological Invasions 13, 18051814.
  • Hemptinne J-L, Desprets A (1986) Pollen as a spring food for Adalia bipunctata. In: Hodek I (ed) Ecology of Aphidophaga: Proceedings of a Symposium held at Zvíkovské Podhradí, 2–8 Sep 1984, pp 2935. Academia, Prague.
  • Hemptinne J-L, Dixon AFG, Gauthier C (2000a) Nutritive cost of intraguild predation on eggs of Coccinella septempunctata and Adalia bipunctata. European Journal of Entomology 97, 559562.
  • Hemptinne J-L, Lognay G, Gauthier C, Dixon AFG (2000b) Role of surface chemical signals in egg cannibalism and intraguild predation in ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Chemoecology 10, 123128.
  • Hemptinne J-L, Magro A, Evans EW, Dixon AFG (2011) Body size and the rate of spread of invasive ladybird beetles in North America. Biological Invasions. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-011-0101-0.
  • Holloway GJ, de Jong PW, Ottenheim M (1993) The genetics and cost of chemical defense in the two-spot ladybird (Adalia bipunctata L.). Evolution 47, 12291239.
  • Hoogendoorn M, Heimpel GE (2002) Indirect interactions between an introduced and a native ladybird beetle species mediated by a shared parasitoid. Biological Control 25, 224230.
  • Hu Y, Wang Z, Ning C, Pi Z, Gao G (1989) [The functional response of Harmonia (Leis) axyridis to their prey of Cinara sp]. Natural Enemies of Insects 11, 164168. (In Chinese.)
  • Hufbauer RA (2008) Biological invasions: paradox lost and paradise gained. Current Biology 18, R246R247.
  • Hukusima S, Ohwaki T (1972) Further notes on feeding biology of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Research Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Gifu University 33, 7582.
  • Iablokoff-Khnzorian SM (1982) Les Coccinelles. Coléoptères-Coccinellidae. Tribu Coccinellini des Régions Paléarctique et Orientale. Société Nouvelle des Éditions Boubée, Paris.
  • Ingels B, De Clercq P (2011) Effect of size, extraguild prey and habitat complexity on intraguild interactions: a case study with the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis and the hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus. BioControl 56, 871882.
  • Jansen JP, Hautier L (2008) Ladybird population dynamics in potato: comparison of native species with an invasive species, Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 53, 223233.
  • Kajita Y, Obrycki JJ, Sloggett JJ, Haynes KF (2010) Intraspecific alkaloid variation in ladybird eggs and its effects on con- and hetero-specific intraguild predators. Oecologia 163, 313322.
  • Kawai A (1976) Analysis of the aggregation behavior in the larvae of Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to prey colony. Researches on Population Ecology 18, 123134.
  • Keller SR, Taylor DR (2008) History, chance and adaptation during biological invasion: separating stochastic phenotypic evolution from response to selection. Ecology Letters 11, 852866.
  • Kenis M, Brown PMJ, Ware RL, Roy DB (2010) Invasion of the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, in Europe: when beauty becomes the beast. In: Settele J, Penev L, Georgiev T et al. (eds) Atlas of Biodiversity Risk, pp 4041. Pensoft Publishers, Sofia.
  • Koch RL (2003) The multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis: a review of its biology, uses in biological control, and non-target impacts. Journal of Insect Science 3(32), 116.
  • Koch RL, Galvan TL (2008) Bad side of a good beetle: the North American experience with Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 53, 2335.
  • Koch RL, Hutchison WD (2003) Phenology and blacklight trapping of the multicolored Asian lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in a Minnesota agricultural landscape. Journal of Entomological Science 38, 477480.
  • Koch RL, Hutchison WD, Venette RC, Heimpel GE (2003) Susceptibility of immature monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Danainae), to predation by Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Biological Control 28, 265270.
  • Koch RL, Venette RC, Hutchison WD (2006a) Invasions by Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the Western Hemisphere: implications for South America. Neotropical Entomology 35, 421434.
  • Koch RL, Venette RC, Hutchison WD (2006b) Predicted impact of an exotic generalist predator on monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) populations: a quantitative risk assessment. Biological Invasions 8, 11791193.
  • Kolar CS, Lodge DM (2002) Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16, 199204.
  • Komai T (1956) Genetics of ladybeetles. Advances in Genetics 8, 155188.
  • Koyama S, Majerus MEN (2008) Interactions between the parasitoid wasp Dinocampus coccinellae and two species of coccinellid from Japan and Britain. BioControl 53, 253264.
  • Kuznetsov VN (1997) Lady Beetles of the Russian Far East. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, FL.
  • Labrie G, Lucas É, Coderre D (2006) Can developmental and behavioral characteristics of the multicolored Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis explain its invasive success? Biological Invasions 8, 743754.
  • Labrie G, Coderre D, Lucas É (2008) Overwintering strategy of multicolored Asian lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): cold-free space as a factor of invasive success. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101, 860866.
  • LaMana ML, Miller JC (1996) Field observations on Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Oregon. Biological Control 6, 232237.
  • Lee CE (2002) Evolutionary genetics of invasive species. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17, 386391.
  • Lombaert E, Malausa T, Devred R, Estoup A (2008) Phenotypic variation in invasive and biocontrol populations of the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 53, 89102.
  • Lombaert E, Guillemaud T, Cornuet J-M, Malausa T, Facon B, Estoup A (2010) Bridgehead effect in the worldwide invasion of the biocontrol harlequin ladybird. PLoS ONE 5, e9743.
  • Lombaert E, Guillemaud T, Thomas CE et al. (2011) Inferring the origin of populations introduced from a genetically structured native range by approximate Bayesian computation: case study of the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis. Molecular Ecology 20, 46544670.
  • Lucas É, Vincent C, Labrie G et al. (2007) The multicolored Asian ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Quebec agroecosystems ten years after its arrival. European Journal of Entomology 104, 737743.
  • Lundgren JG (2009) Nutritional aspects of non-prey foods in the life histories of predaceous Coccinellidae. Biological Control 51, 294305.
  • Majerus M, Strawson V, Roy H (2006) The potential impacts of the arrival of the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), in Britain. Ecological Entomology 31, 207215.
  • McCornack BP, Koch RL, Ragsdale DW (2007) A simple method for in-field sex determination of the multicolored Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis. Journal of Insect Science 7(10), 112.
  • Meisner M, Harmon JP, Harvey CT, Ives AR (2011) Intraguild predation on the parasitoid Aphidius ervi by the generalist predator Harmonia axyridis: the threat and its avoidance. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 138, 193201.
  • Michaud JP (2002) Invasion of the Florida citrus ecosystem by Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and asymmetric competition with a native species, Cycloneda sanguinea. Environmental Entomology 31, 827835.
  • Michaud JP (2003) A comparative study of larval cannibalism in three species of ladybird. Ecological Entomology 28, 92101.
  • Michaud JP, Jyoti JL (2007) Repellency of conspecific and heterospecific larval residues to Hippodamia convergens (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) ovipositing on sorghum plants. European Journal of Entomology 104, 399405.
  • Moser SE, Obrycki JJ (2009) Competition and intraguild predation among three species of coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 102, 419425.
  • Moser SE, Haynes KF, Obrycki JJ (2010) Behavioral response to larval tracks and the influence of tracks on intraguild scavenging by coccinellid larvae. Journal of Insect Behavior 23, 4558.
  • Musser FR, Shelton AM (2003) Factors altering the temporal and within-plant distribution of coccinellids in corn and their impact on potential intra-guild predation. Environmental Entomology 32, 575583.
  • Nakata T (1995) Population fluctuations of aphids and their natural enemies on potato in Hokkaido, Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology 30, 129138.
  • Nalepa CE, Weir A (2007) Infection of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) by Hesperomyces virescens (Ascomycetes: Laboulbeniales): role of mating status and aggregation behavior. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 94, 196203.
  • Nedvěd O, Kalushkov P, Fois X, Ungerová D, Rozsypalová A (2010) Harmonia axyridis: six-legged alligator or lethal fugu? IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 58, 6568.
  • Niijima K, Matsuka M, Okada I (1986) Artificial diets for an aphidophagous coccinellid, Harmonia axyridis, and its nutrition (minireview). In: Hodek I (ed) Ecology of Aphidophaga: Proceedings of a Symposium held at Zvíkovské Podhradí, 2–8 Sep 1984, Academia, Prague, pp 37–50.
  • Osawa N (2000) Population field studies on the aphidophagous ladybird beetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): resource tracking and population characteristics. Population Ecology 42, 115127.
  • Pell JK, Baverstock J, Roy HE, Ware RL, Majerus MEN (2008) Intraguild predation involving Harmonia axyridis: a review of current knowledge and future perspectives. BioControl 53, 147168.
  • Pemberton RW, Vandenberg NJ (1993) Extrafloral nectar feeding by ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 95, 139151.
  • Phoofolo MW, Obrycki JJ, Lewis LC (2001) Quantitative assessment of biotic mortality factors of the European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in field corn. Journal of Economic Entomology 94, 617622.
  • Putman WL (1964) Occurrence and food of some coccinellids (Coleoptera) in Ontario peach orchards. The Canadian Entomologist 96, 11491155.
  • Rhule EL, Majerus MEN, Jiggins FM, Ware RL (2010) Potential role of the sexually transmitted mite Coccipolipus hippodamiae in controlling populations of the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis. Biological Control 53, 243247.
  • Ricci C, Ponti L (2005) Seasonal food of Ceratomegilla notata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in mountain environments of Northern Italian Alps. European Journal of Entomology 102, 527530.
  • Riddick EW (2010) Ectoparasitic mite and fungus on an invasive lady beetle: parasite coexistence and influence on host survival. Bulletin of Insectology 63, 1320.
  • Riddick EW, Schaefer PW (2005) Occurrence, density, and distribution of parasitic fungus Hesperomyces virescens (Laboulbeniales: Laboulbeniaceae) on multicolored Asian lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 98, 615624.
  • Riddick EW, Cottrell TE, Kidd KA (2009) Natural enemies of the Coccinellidae: parasites, pathogens, and parasitoids. Biological Control 51, 306312.
  • Rieder JP, Newbold TAS, Sato S, Yasuda H, Evans EW (2008) Intra-guild predation and variation in egg defence between sympatric and allopatric populations of two species of ladybird beetles. Ecological Entomology 33, 5358.
  • Roy H, Wajnberg E (2008) From biological control to invasion: the ladybird Harmonia axyridis as a model species. BioControl 53, 14.
  • Roy H, Brown P, Majerus M (2006) Harmonia axyridis: a successful biocontrol agent or an invasive threat? In: Eilenberg J, Hokkanen HMT (eds) An Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control, pp 295309. Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Roy HE, Brown PMJ, Rothery P, Ware RL, Majerus MEN (2008) Interactions between the fungal pathogen Beauveria bassiana and three species of coccinellid: Harmonia axyridis, Coccinella septempunctata and Adalia bipunctata. BioControl 53, 265276.
  • Roy HE, De Clercq P, Lawson Handley L-J, Poland RL, Sloggett JJ, Wajnberg E (2011a) Alien arthropod predators and parasitoids: an ecological approach. BioControl 56, 375382.
  • Roy HE, Rhule E, Harding S et al. (2011b) Living with the enemy: parasites and pathogens of the ladybird Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 56, 663680.
  • Roy HE, Lawson Handley L-J, Schönrogge K, Poland RL, Purse BV (2011c) Can the enemy release hypothesis explain the success of invasive alien predators and parasitoids? BioControl 56, 451468.
  • Sakai AK, Allendorf FW, Holt JS et al. (2001) The population biology of invasive species. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32, 305332.
  • Sasaji H (1980) Biosystematics on Harmonia axyridis-complex (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Memoirs of the Faculty of Education, Fukui University. Series II, Natural Science 30, 5979.
  • Sato S, Dixon AFG (2004) Effect of intraguild predation on the survival and development of three species of aphidophagous ladybirds: consequences for invasive species. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 6, 2124.
  • Sato S, Dixon AFG, Yasuda H (2003) Effect of emigration on cannibalism and intraguild predation in aphidophagous ladybirds. Ecological Entomology 28, 628633.
  • Sato S, Yasuda H, Evans EW (2005) Dropping behaviour of larvae of aphidophagous ladybirds and its effects on incidence of intraguild predation: interactions between the intraguild prey, Adalia bipunctata (L.) and Coccinella septempunctata (L.), and the intraguild predator, Harmonia axyridis Pallas. Ecological Entomology 30, 220224.
  • Sato S, Jimbo R, Yasuda H, Dixon AFG (2008) Cost of being an intraguild predator in predatory ladybirds. Applied Entomology and Zoology 43, 143147.
  • Sloggett JJ (2005) Are we studying too few taxa? Insights from aphidophagous ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). European Journal of Entomology 102, 391398.
  • Sloggett JJ (2008) Weighty matters: body size, diet and specialization in aphidophagous ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). European Journal of Entomology 105, 381389.
  • Sloggett JJ, Davis AJ (2010) Eating chemically defended prey: alkaloid metabolism in an invasive ladybird predator of other ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). The Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 237241.
  • Sloggett JJ, Haynes KF, Obrycki JJ (2009a) Hidden costs to an invasive intraguild predator from chemically defended native prey. Oikos 118, 13961404.
  • Sloggett JJ, Obrycki JJ, Haynes KF (2009b) Identification and quantification of predation: novel use of gas chromatography–mass spectrometric analysis of prey alkaloid markers. Functional Ecology 23, 416426.
  • Sloggett JJ, Haynes KF, Obrycki JJ, Davis AJ (2010) Harmonia axyridis as a model for predator adaptation to chemically defended prey. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 58, 105113.
  • Sloggett JJ, Magro A, Verheggen FJ, Hemptinne J-L, Hutchison WD, Riddick EW (2011) The chemical ecology of Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 56, 643662.
  • Soares AO, Borges I, Borges PAV, Labrie G, Lucas É (2008) Harmonia axyridis: what will stop the invader? BioControl 53, 127145.
  • Steenberg T, Harding S (2010) Entomopathogenic fungi found in field populations of the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 58, 137141.
  • Tedders WL, Schaefer PW (1994) Release and establishment of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the southeastern United States. Entomological News 105, 228243.
  • Thaxter R (1931) Contribution towards a monograph of the Laboulbeniaceae. Part V. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 16, 1435.
  • Turgeon J, Tayeh A, Facon B et al. (2011) Experimental evidence for the phenotypic impact of admixture between wild and biocontrol Asian ladybird (Harmonia axyridis) involved in the European invasion. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24, 10441052.
  • Ware R, Evans N, Malpas L, Michie L-J, O'Farrell K, Majerus M (2008) Intraguild predation of British and Japanese coccinellid eggs by the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis. Neobiota 7, 263275.
  • Ware R, Yguel B, Majerus M (2009) Effects of competition, cannibalism and intra-guild predation on larval development of the European coccinellid Adalia bipunctata and the invasive species Harmonia axyridis. Ecological Entomology 34, 1219.
  • Ware RL, Majerus MEN (2008) Intraguild predation of immature stages of British and Japanese coccinellids by the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 53, 169188.
  • Warren LO, Tadic M (1967) Biological observations on Coleomegilla maculata and its role as a predator of the fall webworm. Journal of Economic Entomology 60, 14921495.
  • Webberley KM, Hurst GDD, Husband RW et al. (2004) Host reproduction and a sexually transmitted disease: causes and consequences of Coccipolipus hippodamiae distribution on coccinellid beetles. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 110.
  • Wells PM, Baverstock J, Majerus MEN, Jiggins FM, Roy HE, Pell JK (2010) Intraguild predation of non-coccinellid aphid natural enemies by Harmonia axyridis: prey range and factors influencing intraguild predation. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 58, 185192.
  • Whitney KD, Gabler CA (2008) Rapid evolution in introduced species, “invasive traits” and recipient communities: challenges for predicting invasive potential. Diversity and Distributions 14, 569580.
  • Williamson M (1996) Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Yasuda H, Ohnuma N (1999) Effect of cannibalism and predation on the larval performance of two ladybird beetles. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 93, 6367.