14C-dated fluctuations of the western flank of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet 45–25 kyr BP compared with Bølling–Younger Dryas fluctuations and Dansgaard–Oeschger events in Greenland

Authors


  • Jan Mangerud (e-mail: Jan.Mangerud@geo.uib.no), Department of Earth Science and Bjerknes Center for Climate Research, University of Bergen, Allegt. 41, NO-5007 Bergen, Norway; Steinar Gulliksen (e-mail: Steinar.Gulliksen@vm.ntnu.no), National Laboratory for 14C Dating, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Sem Sælands v.5, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway; Eiliv Larsen (e-mail: Eiliv.Larsen@ngu.no), Geological Survey of Norway, Leiv Eirikssons vei 39, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway

Abstract

Mangerud, J., Gulliksen, S. & Larsen, E. 2009: 14C-dated fluctuations of the western flank of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet 45–25 kyr BP compared with Bølling–Younger Dryas fluctuations and Dansgaard–Oeschger events in Greenland. Boreas, 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2009.00127.x. ISSN 0300-9483.

We present 32 accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C dates obtained on well-preserved bones from caves in western Norway. The resulting ages of 34–28 14C kyr BP demonstrate that the coast was ice-free during the so-called Ålesund Interstadial. New AMS 14C dates on shells aged 41–38 14C kyr BP are evidence of an earlier (Austnes) ice-free period. The Ålesund Interstadial correlates with Greenland interstadials 8–7 and the Austnes Interstadial with Greenland interstadials 12–11. Between and after the two interstadials, the ice margin reached onto the continental shelf west of Norway. These events can be closely correlated with the Greenland ice core stratigraphy, partly based on identification of the Laschamp and Mono Lake palaeomagnetic excursions. We found that the pattern of the NGRIP δ18O curves for the two periods Greenland Interstadial (GI) 8 to Greenland Stadial (GS) 8 and GI 1–GS 1 (Bølling–Younger Dryas) were strikingly similar, which leads us to suggest that the underlying causes of these climate shifts could have been the same. We therefore discuss some aspects of glacial fluctuations during the Bølling–Younger Dryas in order to elucidate processes during Dansgaard–Oeschger events.

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