H. John B. Birks (e-mail: John.Birks@bio.uib.no), Department of Biology and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen, P.O. Box 7803, N-5020 Bergen, Norway, and Environmental Change Research Centre, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Heikki Seppä (e-mail: email@example.com), Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
Late-Quaternary palaeoclimatic research in Fennoscandia – A historical review
Version of Record online: 17 MAY 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Boreas Collegium
Volume 39, Issue 4, pages 655–673, October 2010
How to Cite
BIRKS, H. J. B. and SEPPÄ, H. (2010), Late-Quaternary palaeoclimatic research in Fennoscandia – A historical review. Boreas, 39: 655–673. doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2010.00160.x
- Issue online: 17 MAY 2010
- Version of Record online: 17 MAY 2010
- received 18th November 2009, accepted 9th March 2010.
Birks, H. J. B. & Seppä, H. 2010: Late-Quaternary palaeoclimatic research in Fennoscandia – A historical review. Boreas, Vol. 39, pp. 655–673. 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2010.00160.x. ISSN 0300-9483.
Ideas and understanding of Late-Quaternary climatic history, especially in the Lateglacial and the postglacial, were initiated in Fennoscandia in the 19th century with pioneering studies on peat stratigraphy, megafossils and macrofossils. This review traces the history of palaeoclimatic research and the development of current ideas about climatic changes, with particular reference to the Lateglacial and its rapid climatic fluctuations, such as the Younger Dryas period, and to the Holocene, with its thermal maximum and shifts in precipitation.