Absence of ptilodontoidean multituberculates from Asia and its palaeogeographic implications



Gobibaatar parvus Kielan-Jaworowska 1970, formerly the only representative of the Ptilodontoidea in Asia, is recognized to be a junior synonym of Kryptobaatar dashzevegi Kielan-Jaworowska 1970 and allocated to the Taeniolabidoidea. Members of the Ptilodontoidea are thus currently unknown in Asian faunas. Chulsanbaataridae Kielan-Jaworowska 1974 is a junior synonym of the Eucosmodontidae Jepsen 1940. The absence of Ptilodontoidea in Asia gives further support to the theory of one-way Late Cretaceous dispersal of mammals from Asia to North America. The Marsupialia and Ptilodontoidea originated in the New World and never reached Asia, whereas the Taeniolabidoidea and Eutheria originated in Asia and dispersed to North America during the Late Cretaceous.