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Keywords:

  • Conodonta;
  • classification

The family-group classification of conodonts presented in the revised edition of the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part W, Supplement 2, Conodonta, published in 1981, is shown to contain errors with regard to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The classification lacks a concise philosophical and methodological foundation and exhibits very poor conceptualization of the taxa it recognizes. The classification is analyzed and discussed in terms of, among Linnkan taxonomists, generally accepted objectives and conventions with regard to the internal structure and phylogenetic message of a hierarchical natural classification. The obvious errors in terms of the ICZN are pointed out and corrected. As a demonstration of an alternative approach, a classification of the superfamilies Prioniodontacea, Hibbardellacea, and Icriodontacea is presented.