Get access

Encrusting patterns and life habit of Mesozoic trigonioids: a case study of Steinmanella quintucoensis (Weaver) from the Early Cretaceous of Argentina

Authors

  • LETICIA LUCI


Leticia Luci [leticialuci@gl.fcen.uba.ar], Laboratorio de Bioestratigrafía de Alta Resolución, Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina; manuscript received on 29 April 2009; manuscript accepted on 25 November 2009.

Abstract

Luci, L. 2010: Encrusting patterns and life habit of Mesozoic trigonioids: a case study of Steinmanella quintucoensis (Weaver) from the Early Cretaceous of Argentina. Lethaia, 10.1111/j.1502-3931.2009.00210.x.

Trigonioid bivalves of the genus Steinmanella Crickmay are abundant at the top of the Vaca Muerta Formation, Neuquén Basin of Argentina, of Early Valanginian age. The species Steinmanella quintucoensis (Weaver) is frequently encrusted by oysters, serpulids and mytilids. Oysters are the most conspicuous encruster, followed by serpulids and then mytilids. A taphonomic, palaeoecological and taxonomic analysis was performed on the encrusting fauna of S. quintucoensis. An analysis of encrusting preference was performed on the basis of differences in ornamentation of the host shell, which was divided in a strongly tubercled flank and a smoother ribbed corselet and escutcheon zone. A higher encrustation frequency was found for the corselet and escutcheon zone, over the larger flank. Possible explanations are differences in the sculpture of each part of the valve, closeness to the respiratory openings of the host, and relation to life position of the trigonioids. In this respect, a palaeoecological analysis of the life position of the genus Steinmanella was made on the basis of functional morphology, encrustation patterns and comparison with related fossil forms as well as living representatives, finding that the most suitable position to explain encrustation patterns and functional morphology is one with the flanks below the water–sediment interface, and the corselets exposed above the substrate. □Early Cretaceous, encrustation, Neuquén Basin, trigonioids.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary