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Revised correlation of Silurian Provincial Series of North America with global and regional chronostratigraphic units and δ13Ccarb chemostratigraphy

Authors

  • BRADLEY D. CRAMER,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • CARLTON E. BRETT,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • MICHAEL J. MELCHIN,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • PEEP MÄNNIK,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • MARK A. KLEFFNER,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • PATRICK I. MCLAUGHLIN,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • DAVID K. LOYDELL,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • AXEL MUNNECKE,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • LENNART JEPPSSON,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • CARLO CORRADINI,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • FRANK R. BRUNTON,

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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  • MATTHEW R. SALTZMAN

    1. Bradley D. Cramer [cramerbd@gmail.com], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA, now Kansas Geological Survey, Department of Geology, University of Kansas, 1930 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, USA; Carlton E. Brett [brettce@ucmail.uc.edu], Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, 2624 Clifton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA; Michael J. Melchin [mmelchin@stfx.ca], Department of Earth Sciences, St. Francis Xavier University, 1 West Street, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5, Canada; Peep Männik [mannik@gi.ee], Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086, Estonia; Mark A. Kleffner [mkleffner@lima.ohio-state.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University at Lima, 4240 Campus Drive, Lima, Ohio 45804, USA; Patrick I. McLaughlin [pimclaughlin@wisc.edu], Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA; David K. Loydell [david.loydell@port.ac.uk], School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth P01 3QL, UK; Axel Munnecke [axel.munnecke@gzn.uni-erlangen.de], GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstraße 28, Erlangen D-91054, Germany; Lennart Jeppsson [lennart.jeppson@gmail.com], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund SE-223-62, Sweden; Carlo Corradini [corradin@unica.it], Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Cagliari, via Trentino 51, Cagliari I-09127, Italy; Frank R. Brunton [frank.brunton@ontario.ca], Sedimentary Geoscience Section, Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry, 933 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 6B5, Canada; Matthew R. Saltzman [saltzman.11@osu.edu], Division of Earth History, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA;
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Abstract

Cramer, B.D., Brett, C.E., Melchin, M.J., Männik, P., Kleffner, M.A., McLaughlin, P.I., Loydell, D.K., Munnecke, A., Jeppsson, L., Corradini, C., Brunton, F.R. & Saltzman, M.R. 2011: Revised correlation of Silurian Provincial Series of North America with global and regional chronostratigraphic units and δ13Ccarb chemostratigraphy. Lethaia, Vol. 44, pp. 185–202.

Recent revisions to the biostratigraphic and chronostratigraphic assignment of strata from the type area of the Niagaran Provincial Series (a regional chronostratigraphic unit) have demonstrated the need to revise the chronostratigraphic correlation of the Silurian System of North America. Recently, the working group to restudy the base of the Wenlock Series has developed an extremely high-resolution global chronostratigraphy for the Telychian and Sheinwoodian stages by integrating graptolite and conodont biostratigraphy with carbonate carbon isotope (δ13Ccarb) chemostratigraphy. This improved global chronostratigraphy has required such significant chronostratigraphic revisions to the North American succession that much of the Silurian System in North America is currently in a state of flux and needs further refinement. This report serves as an update of the progress on recalibrating the global chronostratigraphic correlation of North American Provincial Series and Stage boundaries in their type area. The revised North American classification is correlated with global series and stages as well as regional classifications used in the United Kingdom, the East Baltic, Australia, China, the Barrandian, and Altaj. Twenty-four potential stage slices, based primarily on graptolite and conodont zones and correlated to the global series and stages, are illustrated alongside a new composite δ13Ccarb curve for the Silurian. Conodont, graptolite, isotope, New York, Ontario, series, Silurian, stage.

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