Get access

Gender Differences in Trauma History and Symptoms as Predictors of Relapse to Alcohol and Drug Use

Authors

  • Jaimee L. Heffner PhD,

    1. Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, Addiction Sciences Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine Cincinnati, Ohio
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Thomas J. Blom MS,

    1. Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, Addiction Sciences Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine Cincinnati, Ohio
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Robert M. Anthenelli MD

    1. Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, Addiction Sciences Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine Cincinnati, Ohio
    2. Cincinnati Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Parts of this manuscript were presented as a poster at the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, San Antonio, Texas, June 2010.

Address correspondence to Dr. Heffner, Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, University of Cincinnati Reading Campus, 2120 E. Galbraith Rd., Bldg. A, Cincinnati, OH 45237. E-mail: Jaimee.Heffner@uc.edu.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether there are gender-specific associations between trauma exposure and alcohol or drug relapse in alcohol-dependent adults. Participants were 51 men (n = 24) and women (n = 27) with alcohol dependence, 22 (43.1%) of whom relapsed during study participation. Severity of childhood trauma; number of lifetime events evoking fear, helplessness, or horror; and current trauma symptoms all predicted relapse in women, but not in men. These findings highlight the importance of assessing trauma history and providing treatment of trauma-related symptoms for individuals with alcohol and drug dependence, and for women in particular. (Am J Addict 2011;00:1–5)

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary