Characteristics of Outpatients in an Addictions Clinic for Co-occurring Disorders
Version of Record online: 25 APR 2013
Copyright © American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
The American Journal on Addictions
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 297–301, May-June 2013
How to Cite
Malat, J. and Turner, N. E. (2013), Characteristics of Outpatients in an Addictions Clinic for Co-occurring Disorders. The American Journal on Addictions, 22: 297–301. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2012.12001.x
- Issue online: 25 APR 2013
- Version of Record online: 25 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 19 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 20 FEB 2012
Background and Objectives
To examine characteristics of treatment-seeking outpatients from a clinic for co-occurring disorders within an urban psychiatric hospital.
Patients (n = 131) completed six self-report scales including the Brief Symptom Inventory and Toronto Alexithymia Scale.
The most common substance use disorders were: alcohol (62%), tobacco (50%), cannabis (22%), cocaine/stimulants (18%). The most common psychiatric disorders were: mood (65%), psychotic (24%) and anxiety disorders (24%). Many of the scales correlated with the global psychiatric severity score. Patients with mood disorders had superior interpersonal functioning global scores and reported reduced drug use and reduced advice seeking. Patients with psychotic disorders had higher global psychiatric severity scores and reported higher advice seeking.
Conclusions and Scientific Significance
This preliminary study indicates that among a heterogeneous sample of patients with co-occurring disorders the more symptomatic patients may present with a wider range of impairments along with some specific differences based on psychiatric diagnosis. (Am J Addict 2013; 22:297–301)