Differences between Men and Women in Condom Use, Attitudes, and Skills in Substance Abuse Treatment Seekers
Article first published online: 15 FEB 2013
Copyright © American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
The American Journal on Addictions
Volume 22, Issue 2, pages 150–157, March-April 2013
How to Cite
Calsyn, D. A., Peavy, M., Wells, E. A., Campbell, A. N. C., Hatch-Maillette, M. A., Greenfield, S. F. and Tross, S. (2013), Differences between Men and Women in Condom Use, Attitudes, and Skills in Substance Abuse Treatment Seekers. The American Journal on Addictions, 22: 150–157. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.00312.x
- Issue published online: 15 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 15 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 5 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 17 FEB 2012
For substance abuse treatment-seekers engaging in high risk sexual behavior, their inconsistent condom use may be related to their condom use attitudes and skills.
This study compared treatment-seeking male and female substance abusers in their reported barriers to condom use and condom use skills.
Men and women (N = 1,105) enrolled in two multi-site HIV risk reduction studies were administered the Condom Barriers Scale, Condom Use Skills, and an audio computer-assisted structured interview assessing sexual risk behavior.
Men endorsed more barriers to condom use, especially on the Effects on Sexual Experience factor. For both men and women, stronger endorsement of barriers to condom use was associated with less use of condoms. However, the difference between condom users and non-users in endorsement of condom barriers in general is greater for men than women, especially for those who report having casual partners.
Findings support the need to focus on gender-specific barriers to condom use in HIV/STI prevention interventions, especially risk behavior intervention techniques that address sexual experience with condoms.
Results provide additional information about the treatment and prevention needs of treatment-seeking men and women. (Am J Addict 2013;22:150-157)