A Spatial Analysis of Student Binge Drinking, Alcohol-Outlet Density, and Social Disadvantages
Version of Record online: 24 JUN 2013
Copyright © American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
The American Journal on Addictions
Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 391–401, JulyߝAugust 2013
How to Cite
Lo, C. C., Weber, J. and Cheng, T. C. (2013), A Spatial Analysis of Student Binge Drinking, Alcohol-Outlet Density, and Social Disadvantages. The American Journal on Addictions, 22: 391–401. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12022.x
- Issue online: 24 JUN 2013
- Version of Record online: 24 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 13 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Received: 17 OCT 2011
Background and Objectives
This paper examined whether and how student binge drinking at the individual level was influenced by population disadvantages, community instability, alcohol-outlet density, and protective factors generated by community and school.
We used a dataset collected in 2002 by the Alabama Department of Mental Health, with additional materials generated by the 2000 Census and from the Alabama State Department of Education. School-catchments were employed as geographic units of analysis. The final sample comprised 78,138 public-school students in grades 6–12 who attended schools located in the 566 school-catchments.
We hypothesized the presence of spatial processes that, once identified, would enhance understanding of student binge drinking. Our results confirmed that student binge drinking in a focal area was affected by that area's structural factors and also by individual-level risk and protective factors. The results did not support the hypothesized impact of surrounding areas' characteristics on student binge drinking in the focal area.
Conclusions and Scientific Significance
The results of our study clearly indicate that both environment-based factors and individual-level risk and protective factors are important in explaining student binge drinking in Alabama. (Am J Addict 2013;22:391–401)