Wang Xuyi and Wang Juelu contributed equally to this work.
Phase I study of injectable, depot naltrexone for the relapse prevention treatment of opioid dependence
Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2013
Copyright © American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
The American Journal on Addictions
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 162–169, MarchߝApril 2014
How to Cite
Xuyi, W., Juelu, W., Xiaojun, X., Haiyan, L., Zheyuan, L., Zhehui, G., Guoming, D., Gang, L., Jin, L. and Wei, H. (2014), Phase I study of injectable, depot naltrexone for the relapse prevention treatment of opioid dependence. The American Journal on Addictions, 23: 162–169. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12085.x
- Issue online: 7 FEB 2014
- Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 27 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 26 OCT 2012
- National Key Basic Research and Development Program (NKBRDP) of China. Grant Number: 2009CB522000
- National Nature Science Foundation. Grant Number: 30971050
Background and Objectives
We tested long-acting injectable depot naltrexone for its tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and safety in Phase I.
The Phase I trial enrolled 36 healthy participants in two panels (A, B). In Panel A, 24 subjects were randomly assigned to the high-dosage group (400 mg naltrexone, n = 6; placebo, n = 6) or low-dosage group (200 mg naltrexone, n = 6; placebo, n = 6). In Panel B, 12 subjects were randomized to take six doses of monthly injectable naltrexone (400 mg) or placebo.
After a single injection of naltrexone 200 and 400 mg, means (SD) of naltrexone plasma concentrations were .57 (.28) ng/ml and 1.5 (.8) ng/ml 30 days post-injection. There was no effect of accumulation after multiple dosing. Eleven of 30 subjects (36.67%) who were administered injectable depot naltrexone reported a total of 12 adverse events (AEs). Seven of these 11 AEs were coded as possibly related with study medication. All treatment-related AEs were mild in severity. No serious treatment-related AEs occurred.
Discussion and Conclusions
This long-acting formulation of injectable depot naltrexone is well tolerated, results in constant plasma concentration of naltrexone for at least 1 month.
The tolerability and safety of long-acting injectable depot naltrexone are good. (Am J Addict 2014;23:162–169)