SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Abstract. Many developing countries with high primate diversity are still forming wildlife reserves. However, financial resources for conservation in these countries are often limited. In this paper we show that the biology of reserve design in terms of island biogeography and minimum viable populations can be compatible with measures that minimize maintenance costs, namely perimeter surveillance. Large protected areas have substantially less perimeter to patrol than many small reserves of the same total area. Likewise, circular reserves have less perimeter than square or rectangular ones. Generally, countries with high primate diversity are using desirable strategies in design of nature reserves in terms of both finances and conservation; they have relatively large reserves and large amounts of area protected in relation to country size. However, some key primate-containing countries, such as Madagascar, Indonesia, and southeastern Brazil, require many small reserves to insure preservation of endemic taxa.

Resumen: Mucbos de los paises en desamllo con una alta diuersidad de primates estan aun instituyendo reservas de uida siluestre. Sin embargo, los recursos financiems para la conseruacidn en btos paises son, con ftecuencicl, limitados En este articulo mosh-amos que la biologia del diserio de la reserua en los thinos de las islas biogeograficas y el minimo de poblaciones uiables puede ser compatible con medidas que minimizen el costo del mantenimiento, pot qemplo, la vigilancia en los limites del area La areas proregidas exthas tienen substancialmente mhos petlmetro que vigilar que muchas resmaspequetias con la misma area total. De la misma manera, las reseruas circulares tienen mhos pedmetm que las cuudrahs o las rectangulares Generalmente, lospaises con una alta diversidad deprimates estan utilizando estrategias deseables en el diserio de reservas naturales en t h i n o s tanto de financiamiento como de conseruacidn; ellos tienen reseruas relativamente grandes y grandes extensiones de areas protegidas en relacidn a1 tamano del pais. Sin embargo, algunos paises claws en cuanto a los primate como Mdgascat, Indonesia y el sur-este de Brasil, requieren de muchas reservas pequeiras para asegurar la pseruacibn de los tma endhicos.