ABSTRACT: This is a summary of a 180-page Administrative Petition to the FDA and the DHHS to alleviate domestic formula misuse and to provide informed infant feeding choices, especially among low-income, minority women. This summary documents the low and declining rates of breastfeeding among poor women, and the illnesses and costs of medical treatment in formula-fed infants in the U.S. The practices of the infant formula industry and their effects on the attitudes of medical caregivers towards breastfeeding are described. The Petition, with over 500 references, was filed on June 17, 1981. It is available from Room 2323, Raybum House Office Bldg., Washington D.C. 20500.