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ABSTRACT: This study sought to discern differences among women planning home births in Oregon. Data were collected from pregnant recipients of WIC aid using a research questionnaire distributed four times over 22 months to all pregnant WIC recipients in the state. Women in these four samples planning home births were compared as to whether they were doing so primarily for financial reasons. Women planning home births for financial reasons were much less likely to report having health insurance or welfare benefits or to be receiving prenatal care than those planning home births for nonfinancial reasons. Women planning home births for financial reasons were more likely to be receiving prenatal care from a county clinic or private physician and planned to have a private physician or one-time-only birth attendant for delivery. By contrast, the nonfinancially motivated group was more likely to be receiving prenatal and intrapartum care from a lay midwife, naturopath. or chiropractor. Study results suggest the need to challenge the assumption that women planning home births are a homogeneous population.