Hospital Practices and Breastfeeding Duration: A Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials

Authors

  • Anne-Claude Bernard-Bonnin M.D.,

    Corresponding author
    1. Anne-Claude Bernard-Bonnin and Elizabeth Rousseau are with the Department of Pediatrics, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine, Sylvie Strachtchenko and Guylaine Girard are with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine.
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  • Sylvie Stachtchenko M.D.,

    1. Anne-Claude Bernard-Bonnin and Elizabeth Rousseau are with the Department of Pediatrics, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine, Sylvie Strachtchenko and Guylaine Girard are with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine.
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  • Guylaine Girard M.D.,

    1. Anne-Claude Bernard-Bonnin and Elizabeth Rousseau are with the Department of Pediatrics, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine, Sylvie Strachtchenko and Guylaine Girard are with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine.
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  • Elizabeth Rousseau M.D.

    1. Anne-Claude Bernard-Bonnin and Elizabeth Rousseau are with the Department of Pediatrics, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine, Sylvie Strachtchenko and Guylaine Girard are with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Hôpital Ste-Justine.
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Address correspondence to Dr. A.C. Bernard-Bonnin, Department of Pediatrics, Hôpital Ste-Justine, 3175 Chemin Côte Ste-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3T 1C5.

Abstract

Abstract: Controlled clinical trials studying the influence of hospital practices on breastfeeding duration were combined using meta-analysis. Nine studies were selected. Supplementation demonstrated a negative clinical effect on breastfeeding duration that was not significant. Nursing support demonstrated a positive clinical effect on breastfeeding duration that was not statistically significant if there was no telephone follow-up, but was significant if there was telephone follow-up. Early contact revealed a positive clinical effect that was significant. We conclude that early contact and nursing support with telephone follow-up appear as enhancing factors of breastfeeding duration. (BIRTH 16:2, June 1989)

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