COMMENTARY ON: World Health Organization. Safe Preparation, Storage and Handling of Powdered Infant Formula: Guidelines. ISBN 978 92 4 159541 4. Geneva: Author, 2007. Accessed November 22, 2009. Available at: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/micro/pif_guidelines.pdf. World Health Organization. Enterobacter Sakazakii and Other Microorganisms in Powdered Infant Formula. Microbiological Risk Assessment Series, No. 6 ISBN: 92 4 156262 5 (WHO). Geneva: Author, 2007. Accessed November 22, 2009. Available at: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/micro/mra6/en/.
IN THE LITERATURE†
Reducing the Risk for Formula-Fed Infants: Examining the Guidelines
Article first published online: 24 FEB 2010
© 2010, Copyright the Author. Journal compilation © 2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 37, Issue 1, pages 72–76, March 2010
How to Cite
Hormann, E. (2010), Reducing the Risk for Formula-Fed Infants: Examining the Guidelines. Birth, 37: 72–76. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-536X.2009.00381_1.x
- Issue published online: 24 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 24 FEB 2010
ABSTRACT: Early in this century, outbreaks of Enterobacter sakazakii among infants fed on powdered infant formula in Western Europe and the United States forced a rethinking of the cherished belief that artificial feeding is a very safe choice for infants in the developed world. Alarmed by these reports, the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization convened an Expert Meeting in 2004 to determine the causes and again in 2006 to develop guidelines for reducing the risk to infants from intrinsic bacterial contamination in powdered infant formula. Reducing the frequency of contamination at the manufacturing level would eliminate about 80 percent of the problem. Reconstituting the formula with water boiled and cooled to no less than 70° C is critical to destroy remaining bacteria. Arguments from the infant formula industry, some segments of the medical community, and some Western countries against this “lethal step” trivialize the scope and severity of the problem and ignore clear scientific evidence. (BIRTH 37:1 March 2010)