Fee Comparisons of Treatments for Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer in a Private Practice Academic Setting

Authors


  • The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Wilson Leslie, PhD, 3333 California Street, Box 0613, Suite 420, San Francisco, CA 94013, or e-mail: wilsonl@pharmacy.ucsf.edu

Abstract

Objective

To compare fees for biopsy, treatment procedure, repair, and 2-month follow-up for nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) treatments: electrodesiccation and curettage (ED&C), excision, and Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS).

METHODS:

A cost comparison of 936 primary NMSCs diagnosed in 1999/2000 at a University affiliated dermatology practice. Clinical data was from medical record review. 2007 Medicare Fee Schedule costs determined fees for surgical care. Pearson chi-square tests, t-tests and analysis of variance compared fee differences. Linear regression determined independent effects of tumor and treatment characteristics on fees.

Results

Mean fees/lesion were $463 for ED&C, $1,222 for excision, and $2,085 for MMS (p < .001). For all treatments, primary procedure costs were highest (38%, 45%, and 41%). Total repair fees were higher with MMS ($735) vs excisions ($197). Fees were higher for head and neck tumors (p < .001), H-zone tumors (p < .001), and tumors smaller than 10 mm in diameter (p = .04). Regression models predicted that the treatment fees would be $2,109 for MMS and $1,252 for excision (p < .001). Tumor size greater than 10 mm in diameter (added $128), tumors on the head and neck (added $966), and MMS (added $857 vs excision) were independently related to higher fees (p < .001).

Conclusion

Even after adjusting for risk factors, MMS has higher fees than excision for primary NMSC. Repairs accounted for the majority of this difference. These fee comparisons provide a basis for comparative effectiveness studies of treatments for this common cancer.

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