Objective: One-year adjuvant trastuzumab therapy increases disease-free and overall survival in the adjuvant treatment of early HER2-positive breast cancer. This study aims to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of adjuvant trastuzumab treatment in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou.
Methods: A Markov health-state transition model was constructed to simulate the natural development of breast cancer based on HERceptin Adjuvant (HERA) trial, estimate costs and disease progression over a lifetime perspective with annual transition cycles, and evaluate the cost-effectiveness of 1-year adjuvant trastuzumab treatment group compared with the standard adjuvant chemotherapy. From the perspective of a China health insurance system, cost was calculated based on a survey from clinical expert panels.
Results: On the basis of HERA data, the model results showed that the utilization of adjuvant trastuzumab treatment in early breast cancer can prolong 2.87 life years, compared with the standard chemotherapy group. The incremental cost for an additional life-year gained (LYG) was US$7564, US$7933, and US$7929 in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, respectively. If measured by quality-adjusted life-year, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was US$7676, US$8049, and US$8046, respectively.
Conclusion: The results suggest that the 1-year adjuvant trastuzumab treatment is cost-effective. Both clinical and economic benefits were superior for the 1-year adjuvant trastuzumab treatment group compared with the standard adjuvant chemotherapy group.