Nursing Management of Second Stage Labor



(1) Despite considerable research into nursing management of second stage labor, traditional approaches continue to predominate. Women are still encouraged to deliver in a recumbent position using sustained, closed-glottis pushing. Current research suggests that utilizing an upright position with pushing that is open glottis and complementary with the involuntary bearing-down reflex produces good maternal/fetal outcomes. Issues such as position, second stage phases, and bearing-down techniques are discussed in view of recent research findings. Gaps in knowledge are identified and practice implications are clearly defined. Now is the time to apply research-based knowledge to nursing management of second stage labor.