Nursing Management of Second Stage Labor

Authors


Abstract

(1) Despite considerable research into nursing management of second stage labor, traditional approaches continue to predominate. Women are still encouraged to deliver in a recumbent position using sustained, closed-glottis pushing. Current research suggests that utilizing an upright position with pushing that is open glottis and complementary with the involuntary bearing-down reflex produces good maternal/fetal outcomes. Issues such as position, second stage phases, and bearing-down techniques are discussed in view of recent research findings. Gaps in knowledge are identified and practice implications are clearly defined. Now is the time to apply research-based knowledge to nursing management of second stage labor.

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