Improving the Quality of Pain Assessment Through Research Utilization

Authors

  • Janice K. Janken RN, PhD,

    1. Janice K. Janken, RN, PhD, is associate professor, Department of Family and Community Nursing, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 9201 University City Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28223. Telephone: 704.687.4685. E-mail: jkjanken@email.uncc.edu
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  • Marlene A. Dufault RN, PhD

    1. Marlene A. Dufault, RN, PhD, is associate professor, University of Rhode Island, College of Nursing, 2 Heathman Road, Kingston, RI 02881-2021.
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