Gender- and Age-Related Differences in Treatment and Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among High-Risk Patients With Angina


Katharine H. Hendrix, PhD, Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Medicine, Hypertension Section, 96 Jonathan Lucas Street, 826 CSB, Charleston, SC 29425


Dyslipidemic, hypertensive patients (N=48,863) were stratified by gender, age, and angina (n=2502) vs. nonangina (n=46,358) status. Comparing 95% confidence intervals yielded significant differences in treatment and cardiovascular risk factor control between subgroups. More men than women bad low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL (angina, 43.94-43.96 vs. 34.42-34.50; nonangina, 32.43-32.43 vs. 17.25-17.25) and 100-129 mg/dL (angina, 32.12-32.14 vs. 35.10-35.18; nonangina, 53.86-53.86 vs. 32.44-32.44). More women than men had LDL-C >130 mg/dL (angina, 27.68-27.72 vs. 23.91-23.93; nonangina, 38.70-38.70 vs. 35.38-35.39). Women were less likely than men to receive statins (angina, 69.95-69.99 vs. 82.11-82.13; nonangina, 59.80-59.80 vs. 63.72-63.72), any antilipidemic medication at all (angina, 25.93-25.97 vs. 13.48-13.48; nonangina, 36.73-36.73 vs. 30.73-30.73), or to have current cholesterol measurements (angina, 56.82-56.88 vs. 34.54-34.56; nonangina, 45.77-45.77 vs. 39.75-39.75). Primary care providers treat high-risk patients relatively aggressively; however, opportunities to forestall cardiovascular disease may be missed in hypertensive, dyslipidemic women whose LDL-C is often not measured and controlled.