Suggested Reading

  • Balk E, Raman G, Chung M, et al. Effectiveness of management strategies for renal artery stenosis: a systemic review. Ann Intern Med. 2006;145:901912.
  • Chabova V, Schirger A, Stanson AW, et al. Outcomes of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis managed without revascularization. Mayo Clin Proc. 2000;75:437444.
  • Conlon PJ, Little MA, Pieper K, et al. Severity of renal vascular disease predicts mortality in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Kidney Int. 2001;60:14901497.
  • Dworkin LD. Controversial treatment of atherosclerotic renal vascular disease: the cardiovascular outcomes in renal atherosclerotic lesions trial. Hypertension. 2006;48:350356.
  • Hirsch AT, Haskal ZJ, Hertzer NR, et al. ACC/AHA 2005 Practice Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease (Lower Extremity, Renal, Mesenteric, and Abdominal Aortic) Executive Summary. Circulation. 2006;113:e463e654.
  • Kalra PA, Guo H, Kausz AT, et al. Atherosclerotic renovascular disease in the United States patients aged 67 years or older: risk factors, revascularization, and prognosis. Kidney Int. 2005;68:293301.
  • Nordmann AJ, Woo K, Parkes R, et al. Balloon angioplasty or medical therapy or medical therapy for hypertensive patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Med. 2003;114:4450.
  • Rihal CS, Textor SC, Breen JF, et al. Incidental renal artery stenosis among a prospective cohort of hypertensive patients undergoing coronary angiography. Mayo Clin Proc. 2002;77:309316.
  • Silva JA, Chan AW, White CJ, et al. Elevated brain natriuretic peptide predicts blood pressure response after stent revascularization in patients with renal artery stenosis. Circulation. 2005;111:328333.
  • Textor SC. Renovascular hypertension update. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2006;8:521527.
  • Vasbinder GB, Nelemans PJ, Kessels AG, et al. Diagnostic tests for renal artery stenosis in patients suspected of having renovascular hypertension: a meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2001;135:401411.
  • White CJ, Jaff MR, Haskal ZJ, et al. Indications for renal arteriography at the time of coronary angiography: a science advisory from the American Heart Association Committee on Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiac Catheterization, Council on Clinical Cardiology, and the Councils on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention and on Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation. 2006;114:18921895.