• Open Access

Developmental origin of a major difference in sensory patterning between zebrafish and bluefin tuna

Authors

  • Alain Ghysen,

    Corresponding author
    1. Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France
    • INSERM U710, Laboratoire des Mécanismes Moléculaires des Démences Neurodégénératives, Montpellier, France
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  • Christine Dambly-Chaudière,

    1. Centre Hospitalier Arnaud de Villeneuve, Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Hormonale, Montpellier, France
    2. CNRS UMR 5235, Laboratoire de Dynamique des Interactions Membranaires Normales et Pathologiques, Montpellier, France
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  • Denis Coves,

    1. IFREMER, Laboratoire Aquacole du Languedoc Roussillon, Palavas, France
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  • Fernando de la Gandara,

    1. Instituto Español de Oceanografia (IEO), Centro Oceanografico de Murcia, Puerto de Mazarron, Spain
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  • Aurelio Ortega

    1. Instituto Español de Oceanografia (IEO), Centro Oceanografico de Murcia, Puerto de Mazarron, Spain
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Author for correspondence (email: alain.ghysen@univ-montp2.fr) Re-use of this article is permitted in accordance with the Terms and Conditions set out at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#OnlineOpen_Terms

SUMMARY

The posterior lateral line system (PLL) of teleost fish comprises a number of mechanosensory organs arranged in defined patterns on the body surface. Embryonic patterns are largely conserved among teleosts, yet adult patterns are highly diverse. Although changes in pattern modify the perceptual abilities of the system, their developmental origin remains unknown. Here we compare the processes that underlie the formation of the juvenile PLL pattern in Thunnus thynnus, the bluefin tuna, to the processes that were elucidated in Danio rerio, the zebrafish. In both cases, the embryonic PLL comprises five neuromasts regularly spaced along the horizontal myoseptum, but the juvenile PLL comprises four roughly parallel anteroposterior lines in zebrafish, whereas it is a simple dorsally arched line in tuna fish. We examined whether this difference involves evolutionary novelties, and show that the same mechanisms mediate the transition from embryonic to juvenile patterns in both species. We conclude that the marked difference in juveniles depends on a single change (dorsal vs. ventral migration of neuromasts) in the first days of larval life.

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