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Keywords:

  • myelodysplasia;
  • paclitaxel;
  • secondary leukemia

Abstract

Alkylating agents have strong leukemogenic potential. There are a number of recent acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) cases related to previous paclitaxel exposure. These leukemias tend to be of aggressive subtypes with long-latency periods. Unlike previously reported cases, the present case was of the secondary acute megakaryoblastic myeloid leukemia (AML M7) subtype. Additionally, it did not harbor a translocation in chromosome 19. A 73-year-old woman was diagnosed with t-AML M7 with antecedent myelodysplasia. Leukemia followed a second induction of paclitaxel- and carboplatin-based chemotherapy for recurrent ovarian cancer. Her second induction began 25 months after completion of her first course of chemotherapy. The increased incidence of postpaclitaxel leukemia suggests a probable role for paclitaxel as a leukemogenic agent. It highlights the importance of assessing for leukemia risk factors prior to beginning paclitaxel therapy.