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Keywords:

  • carboplatin;
  • intraperitoneal chemotherapy;
  • suboptimally debulked epithelial ovarian cancer

Abstract

The objective of this study was to retrospectively assess the efficacy and safety of combination chemotherapy of intraperitoneal (IP) carboplatin and intravenous (IV) paclitaxel in suboptimally debulked ovarian cancer. Between March 1998 and March 2006, 44 patients with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian carcinoma or peritoneal carcinoma with a residual mass greater than 1 cm received combination chemotherapy of IV paclitaxel and IP carboplatin. Administration of IV paclitaxel at 175 mg/m2 immediately followed by IP carboplatin at an area under the curve of 6 was scheduled every 3 weeks for at least six cycles. The diagnosis and stage were ovarian carcinoma stage II in 8, III in 25, and IV in 6 cases, and peritoneal carcinoma stage III in 5 cases. Eighty-three percent of patients completed more than six cycles of chemotherapy. The incidences of grade 3/4 hematologic toxicities were 41 (93%) for neutrocytopenia, 10 (41%) for thrombocytopenia, and 18 (23%) for anemia. Observed grade 3/4 nonhematologic toxicities were 1 (2%) for allergy, 1 (2%) for fatigue, 1 (2%) for vomiting, 1 (2%) for liver dysfunction, and 4 (9%) for peripheral neuropathy. Two patients (5%) encountered catheter problems (one obstruction and one infection). Overall response rate was 80% (16 complete response, 19 partial response, 3 stable disease, and 6 progressive disease). Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 24 and 31 months, respectively. Combination chemotherapy of IP carboplatin and IV paclitaxel is effective and safe in suboptimally debulked ovarian cancer, and further evaluation is warranted.