Health Promotion in Zaire: Time Perspective and Cerebral Hemispheric Dominance as Relevant Factors

Authors

  • JoAnn Butrin,

    1. Community health nurse, Isiro, Zaire
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  • Margaret A. Newman

    Corresponding author
    1. Professor, University of Minnesota School of Nursing, Minneapolis
      Address correspondence to: Dr. Margaret Newman, School of Nursing, 6–101 Health Sciences, Unit F, University of Minnesota, 308 Harvard St., Minneapolis, MN 55455.
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Address correspondence to: Dr. Margaret Newman, School of Nursing, 6–101 Health Sciences, Unit F, University of Minnesota, 308 Harvard St., Minneapolis, MN 55455.

Abstract

This investigation was carried out in an attempt to understand the diminished interest of Zairian villagers in health-promoting programs. Time perspective and cerebral hemispheric dominance were examined in educated and noneducated groups. The sample consisted of 50 Zairians who had received six years of education and 50 who had had no education. The instruments used to determine hemispheric dominance were the Street and similarities tests. For time perspective the circles test was employed. Findings indicated that Zairians exhibit greater right hemisphere ability than left. The educated group demonstrated greater left hemisphere ability and greater future orientation than the noneducated group, the latter expressing a predominantly present orientation. These results suggested that visual spatial tasks will be more readily assimilated in this population than verbal linear tasks. Also, health promotion efforts for the noneducated group may have to focus on present activities rather than future results.

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