Perceived continuing education needs among public health nurses at the staff and supervisory levels were investigated. A questionnaire was adapted for each and administered at participating county public health units. Results indicated a high level of agreement between staff nurses and supervisors. Further analysis of the data suggested a relationship between the nurses' perception of continuing education needs and the realities of their nursing practice. Public health nurses, educators, and administrators face the challenge of re-focusing continuing education needs and activities on the broad scope of this area of specialty.