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Abstract Nurses in community settings are seeing more health care consumers who are medically stable and who are asking for assistance in areas such as exercise, stress reduction, nutrition, and illness and accident prevention. These requests can be characterized as concerns of health maintenance or health promotion. Two nursing diagnoses, altered health maintenance and health-seeking behaviors (specify), enable the practitioner to address these concerns in clinically useful ways. Through case studies and comparative tables, the differences between these two diagnoses is clarified to enable nurses to identify, treat, and evaluate efforts made to enhance health-oriented behaviors.