Job Satisfaction of Rural Public and Home Health Nurses

Authors

  • Nyla Juhl Ph.D., R.N.,

    Corresponding author
    1. Nyla Juhl and Jeri W. Dunkin are with the College of Nursing, University of North Dakota. Terry Stratton, Jack Geller, and Richard Ludtke are with the University of North Dakota Rural Health Research Center.
      *Address correspondence to Nyla Juhl, College of Nursing, University of North Dakota, P.O. Box 8195, Grand Forks, ND 58202-8195.
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  • Jeri W. Dunkin Ph.D., R.N.,

    1. Nyla Juhl and Jeri W. Dunkin are with the College of Nursing, University of North Dakota. Terry Stratton, Jack Geller, and Richard Ludtke are with the University of North Dakota Rural Health Research Center.
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  • Terry Stratton M.S.,

    1. Nyla Juhl and Jeri W. Dunkin are with the College of Nursing, University of North Dakota. Terry Stratton, Jack Geller, and Richard Ludtke are with the University of North Dakota Rural Health Research Center.
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  • Jack Geller Ph.D.,

    1. Nyla Juhl and Jeri W. Dunkin are with the College of Nursing, University of North Dakota. Terry Stratton, Jack Geller, and Richard Ludtke are with the University of North Dakota Rural Health Research Center.
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  • Richard Ludtke Ph.D.

    1. Nyla Juhl and Jeri W. Dunkin are with the College of Nursing, University of North Dakota. Terry Stratton, Jack Geller, and Richard Ludtke are with the University of North Dakota Rural Health Research Center.
    Search for more papers by this author

*Address correspondence to Nyla Juhl, College of Nursing, University of North Dakota, P.O. Box 8195, Grand Forks, ND 58202-8195.

Abstract

Abstract Based on Vroom's expectancy theory, this study was conducted to identify differences in job satisfaction between nurses working in public health settings, and staff nurses and administrators working in both settings. Questionnaires containing an adaptation of a job satisfaction scale were mailed to all 258 registered nurses practicing in public health and home health settings (response rate 57%) in a rural midwestern state. Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with various dimensions of their jobs, as well as how important each aspect was to them. Although both groups of nurses reported low satisfaction with salary, public health nurses were significantly less satisfied with their salaries than were home health nurses (F = 32.96, P≤0.001); home health nurses, however, were significantly less satisfied with benefits/rewards (F = 11.85, P≤0.001), task requirements (F = 8.37, P≤0.05), and professional status (F = 5.30, P≤0.05). Although administrators did not differ significantly from staff nurses on job satisfaction, they did perceive organizational climate (F = 4.50, P≤0.05) to be an important feature of satisfaction. These differences may be partially explained by divergent salaries, roles, and responsibilities between public health and home health nurses.

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