Effects of a Community Health Nursing Parent-Baby (Ad) Venture Program on Depression and Other Selected Maternal-Child Health Outcomes

Authors


Address correspondence to Susan W. Vines, School of Nursing, University of South Maine, 96 Falmouth St., Portland, ME 04103.

Abstract

Abstract This pilot study measured the effects of a community health nursing parent-baby (ad)venture program for first-time mothers who were at risk for child abuse or neglect and depression. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used. Fifteen high-risk mothers in the program were compared with 15 similar mothers who received home visits from the community health nursing staff. Measures of depression, health behaviors, self-esteem, state anxiety, and maternal-infant adaptation were measured in both groups when the mothers were 4 and 16 weeks postpartum. After controlling for pretest differences, the findings showed that program mothers reported significantly higher levels of self-esteem at the three-month period than those receiving home visits (P < 0.013). In addition, over time these mothers had significantly decreased levels of depression (P < 0.009) and significantly improved their health habits (P < 0.003). Those who received home visits showed no significant changes over time.

Ancillary