Perception of Risk by Home Health Care Administrators and Field Workers


  • Mary Agnes Kendra Ph.D., R.N., C.S.

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    1. Mary Agnes Kendra is Associate Professor of Nursing, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio.
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Address correspondence to Mary Agnes Kendra, Ph.D., R.N., C.S., Cleveland State University, 1860 East 22nd Street, Rhodes Tower 910, Cleveland, OH 44115-1123.


Abstract The home health care industry has grown significantly over the past 15 years, primarily as the result of an increasing percentage of elderly needing services. Although personal risk has always been a contextual factor of home visiting, an additional challenge facing home health care administrators today is ensuring field worker safety, because visits are now made 24 hr a day, 7 days a week. The purpose of this study was to compare home health care administrators' with field workers' perceptions of risk involved in making home visits. The Home Health Care Perception of Risk Questionnaire (HHCPRQ), a self-report measure, was administered to a national random sample of 93 home health care administrators and 705 field workers to determine perception of risk within the context of making home visits. Findings indicate significant differences between home health care administrators' and field workers' perceptions of risk in making home visits. Suggestions for enhancing communication among all agency personnel and developing in-service education programs that are specifically for field workers are identified.