Abstract Community health and other child care nurses can play a major role in the prevention, early detection, referral, treatment, and rehabilitation of victims of child sexual abuse (CSA) and their families. It is not known, however, whether these health care professionals are well prepared or feel sufficiently confident to address these challenges. The present study provides some information on this matter by examining their knowledge, attitudes, practices, and degree of confidence concerning CSA. The total population of community health and pediatric nurses of a Canadian province were surveyed using a mail out questionnaire. The results revealed that these nurses need and want to improve their knowledge and skills regarding the identification, referral, and treatment of victims of CSA. Small but significant differences were noted between the nurses and other professional and non-professional workers who had been surveyed in a previous study regarding their applied knowledge of CSA, attitudes toward victim credibility and culpability, and punishment for offenders.