Abstract Guided by I. Ajzen's (1991) theory of planned behavior, the authors of this descriptive correlational study explored adolescent females' attitudes, subjective norms (social pressure), perceived behavioral control, and intentions with regard to latex condom use. An elicitation study was initially conducted (n= 16) to ascertain salient beliefs related to condom use. These beliefs were then used to develop a questionnaire administered during the main study to 60 sexually active adolescent females attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic. Global attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control predicted 50% of the variance of intentions to use condoms. Perceived behavioral control contributed the highest proportion of variance in the equation for both global and belief-based measures in stepwise regression analyses. Implications for community health practice, research, and theory are reported.