Carolyn H. Robinson is Associate Professor of Nursing, College of Nursing, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. Sandra P. Thomas is Professor of Nursing, College of Nursing, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.
The Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior as a Conceptual Guide in the Explanation of Children's Health Behaviors
Article first published online: 5 JAN 2004
Public Health Nursing
Volume 21, Issue 1, pages 73–84, January 2004
How to Cite
Robinson, C. H. and Thomas, S. P. (2004), The Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior as a Conceptual Guide in the Explanation of Children's Health Behaviors. Public Health Nursing, 21: 73–84. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2004.21110.x
- Issue published online: 5 JAN 2004
- Article first published online: 5 JAN 2004
- diet and physical activity;
- Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior
Abstract This study used the Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior (IMCHB) as a conceptual guide to explain the correlates of children's diet and physical activity and explore the relationships of sex with their diet and physical activity of the school-aged child. A descriptive correlational study was conducted on 371 fifth-grade students and their parents. Information on the family's demographics, health experience, social influence, and environmental resources was collected, as well as data on the children's intrinsic motivation, cognitive appraisal, and affective response to food/physical activity. Children's self-reports on diet and physical activity were collected, as were parents' self-reports on health habits. Food preferences and diet self-efficacy explained the most variance in diet behavior for girls and boys. Girls scored healthier on food preferences and diet self-efficacy than did boys, but no difference was detected in their diet behavior. Girls participated in more low-intensity physical activity, but boys participated in more high-intensity physical activity than did girls. Findings provide strong support for the use of the IMCHB to explain children's diet but weak support for the explanation of children's physical activity. Further study of additional factors predictive of physical activity is indicated.