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The Syphilis Elimination Project: Targeting the Hispanic Community of Baltimore City

Authors



Cara Endyke-Doran, 3212 Tyndale Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21214. E-mail: cendyke1@son.jhmi.edu

Abstract

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of the Syphilis Elimination Project was to decrease the incidence of syphilis in the Hispanic community of Baltimore City through a culturally appropriate health initiative.

Design: Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the study design. Surveillance data were used to collect testing information. Comparisons at the start and end of the project measured change in individual knowledge about syphilis. Cross-sectional data from interviews with business owners and qualitative comments from outreach workers evaluated perception of program effectiveness. The local health department collected surveillance data.

Sample: A convenience sample of 63 Hispanic community members, 12 business owners/managers, and 8 outreach workers was utilized throughout the evaluation process.

Intervention: The project was a culturally appropriate approach to health promotion with street and business outreach.

Results: Post intervention there was a statistically significant increase in knowledge about syphilis within the Hispanic community and an increase in testing behaviors.

Conclusions: The Syphilis Elimination Project was created in response to a marked increase in syphilis in Baltimore among the Hispanic population and a health disparity that existed within the city. It increased community members' knowledge of syphilis and positively influenced testing behaviors.

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