Talk-Story: Perspectives of Children, Parents, and Community Leaders on Community Violence in Rural Hawaii
Article first published online: 14 AUG 2007
Public Health Nursing
Volume 24, Issue 5, pages 400–408, September/October 2007
How to Cite
Affonso, D. D., Shibuya, J. Y. and Frueh, B. C. (2007), Talk-Story: Perspectives of Children, Parents, and Community Leaders on Community Violence in Rural Hawaii. Public Health Nursing, 24: 400–408. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2007.00650.x
- Issue published online: 14 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 14 AUG 2007
- community violence;
- Hawaiian culture;
- rural violence;
- “talk-story” of violence;
- youth violence prevention
ABSTRACT Purpose: To enhance our understanding of what community violence means to a multiethnic school community in rural Hawaii and obtain people's perspectives of how to deal with and prevent violence-related behaviors among children.
Design and sample: An exploratory design was used to collect qualitative data from a purposive sample of 150 key stakeholder participants, including 84 school children aged 5–10 years and 66 adults.
Measurement: Focus group methodology via Hawaiian island-style (culturally adapted techniques) of “talk-story” and a metaphor of introduction were used to elicit contextual data on the experiences, meanings, and perceptions of youth violence. Qualitative narrative analyses were used to analyze the data.
Results: Five higher order themes were found, including the need to: build a common understanding of what violence looks like; develop school-based identification, management, and prevention efforts; develop comprehensive school health services; develop state-level school health policies; and conduct outreach to make violence prevention a community affair.
Conclusion: The findings will inform the development of a school-based culturally adapted violence-prevention program led by teachers, in partnership with parents, students, and community-cultural leaders.